Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus L.)
  Common names: Northern white pine,
  white pine, soft pine, northern pine...
  Height: 75-100ft
  Diameter: 2-4 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: no
  Annual rainfall: 20-80
  Soil Needs: moist, sandy, pH 4.0-6.5
  Frost Free Days: 90
  Minimum Temperature (F): -33
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Longevity: 200-450 years
  State List: AL, AR, CT... more  
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus L.) holds the title of the tallest native conifer in the Northeast. Typically, it grows 75-100 ft tall and in extremely good sites, 150 ft is possible.  Trunk diameter is usually between 2-4 ft.  Eastern White Pine is a
long lived tree, reaching 200 years of age, possibly up to 450 years.  A rapid grower, at 20 years, heights of 40 ft can be expected and at 40 years,                   ...more
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Pine Trees of Georgia
Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda L.)

  Height: 90-100 ft occasionally 110 ft
  Diameter: 2-3 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: low
  Annual rainfall: 35-65
  Soil Needs: moist, pH 4.0-7.0
  Frost Free Days: 150
  Minimum Temperature (F): -8
  Growth Rate: rapid
  State List:  AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IL,
  KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OK,
  SC, TN, TX, VA                      ...more                                           
Hailed as the leading commercial timber tree in the southeast United States, the native Loblolly pine grows rapidly with a straight trunk clear of branches.  It reaches 50 feet in just 20 years, and when mature can top 100 feet with a trunk diameter between 2-3 feet.  The bark on young trees is usually dark, blackish-brown and scaly. Mature Loblolly pines are                       ...more                                                    
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Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris Mill.)
Synonym: Pinus australis Michx. f. 
Common names: Longstraw, yellow...
  Height: 75-120ft
  Diameter: 2-2.5 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: moderate
  Annual rainfall: 40-60
  Soil Needs: infertile,  pH 6.0-7.0
  Frost Free Days: 250
  Minimum Temperature (F): -3
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Longevity: 400-500 years
  State List: AL, AR, FL...           more  
A native conifer found in the southeastern United States.  Living between 400-500 years, Longleaf pine grows up to 120 feet tall and 2.5 feet in diameter.  A rapid grower, it is commin for this species to be 40 feet tall in only 20 years.  Like most pines, the first few years are spent in a grass stage where it develops a deep and extensive root
Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida Mill.)
  Common names: Candlewood, Torch..  
  Height: 50-80 ft
  Diameter: 1-2 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: moderate
  Annual rainfall: 37-56
  Soil Needs: poor, sandy, dry...
  Frost Free Days: 112
  Minimum Temperature (F): -43
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Longevity: moderate
  State List: CT, DE, GA, IL,   ... more  
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Needles are in bundles of 3, are 3 to 5 inches long, and yellowish-green.  They are stiff, sharp tipped, can be straight or slightly twisted, and persist on trees for 2 to 3 years.  Found in the tops of trees, female cones are oval, 2 to 2.3 inches in length, and have prickles on each scale.  They are yellowish-brown to grayish-brown and remain on trees               ....more
Pond Pine (Pinus serotina Michx)
  Synonym:Pinus rigida Mill. ssp.   
  serotina (Michx.) R.T. Clausen
  Height: 180-200 ft
  Diameter: 4-6 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: medium
  Annual rainfall: 20-80
  Soil Needs: infertile, shallow, rocky..
  Frost Free Days: 120
  Minimum Temperature (F): -38
  Growth Rate: rapid
  State List: AL, DE, FL, GA, MD...
Photo Gallery
Found in swamps, marshes and moist sites, Pond Pine is an important wetland native species.  It grows to between 40 and 80 feet tall with an open, rounded, irregular crown.  Branches are thick and occasionally, there are needle clusters on the trunk.  The scaly, red-brown bark is of medium thickness and is fissured into irregular plates. 
Sand Pine (Pinus clausa Chapm ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
  Common names: Scrub pine, Spruce
  Height: 80 ft
  Diameter: 18-20 inches
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: low
  Annual rainfall: 40-65
  Soil Needs: moist, sandy, pH 4.2-5.5
  Frost Free Days: 265
  Minimum Temperature (F): 2
  Growth Rate: slow
  Longevity: less than years
  State List: AL, FL, GA, MS, NC          
Sand pine has 2 geographic specific variations, the difference being cone behavior.  In the Florida peninsula, sand pines are var. clausa, known commonly as Ocala Sand pine.  They have mostly serotinous cones, meaning they only open when heat activated.  The other variety, var. immuginata occurs in the Florida panhandle and southern Georgia, and is known as             ...more
Georgia Pine page 1, 2
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The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at plants.usda.gov.  In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place.  Also, the PLANTS Database website states "Our county data are based primarily on the literature,
herbarium specimens, and confirmed observations. However, not all populations have been documented, so some gaps in the distribution shown above may not be real. Remember that only native and naturalized populations are mapped!"

Pine trees are one of the most varied and widely spread genus of native tree species in North America.  From the cold mountains of Alaska to Nova Scotia in the east, from high wind-swept Rocky Mountain cliffs to the fertile Appalachian forests, on seaside borders, swamps, dry foothills, lowlands and everywhere in between, pine trees can be found.  Adapted to so many environments, pine trees are hardy survivors in their native habitat.  The pine trees of North America were used by Native Americans for treatments of respiratory ailments, in canoe building and even as food.  Today native pines are one of the most valuable commercial timber sources and continue to be used for construction, furniture, pulpwood, land management and more.
Search all North American native Pine species here.

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Photo Gallery
Pinus taeda has grayish brown bark
Loblolly Pine Pinus taeda canopy
Photo Gallery
Pinus palustris scales are reddish orange, darkening to a deeper reddish brown towards the interior of the cone.
3 Pinus palustris needles bundled together in a thick case
Bark of Longleaf pine is thick, fissured and has irregular, flaky plates
Photo Gallery
Mature bark of Pinus clausa
New growth on Pinus clausa is lighter green
Yellowish brown Pinus clausa cones nestled in vivid green needles
Pinus strobus is native to scattered northern counties in Georgia
Loblolly Pine is native to scattered counties throughout all of Georgia
Longleaf Pine has scattered distribution thoughout Georgia
Pinus rigida is only native to a few counties in north east Georgia
Pinus serotina is native to scattered south central and coastal counties in Georgia
Pinus clausa is native to a few scattered counties along the Gulf coast.  There is also a small population in the center of Georgia