Pine Trees of Florida
Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda L.)
  Height: 90-100 ft occasionally 110 ft
  Diameter: 2-3 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: low
  Annual rainfall: 35-65
  Soil Needs: moist, pH 4.0-7.0
  Frost Free Days: 150
  Minimum Temperature (F): -8
  Growth Rate: rapid
  State List:  AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IL,
  KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OK,
  SC, TN, TX, VA                                                                
Hailed as the leading commercial timber tree in the southeast United States, the native Loblolly pine grows rapidly with a straight trunk clear of branches.  It reaches 50 feet in just 20 years, and when mature can top 100 feet with a trunk diameter between 2-3 feet.  The bark on young trees is usually dark, blackish-brown and scaly. Mature Loblolly pines are                       ...more                                                    
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Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris Mill.)
Synonym: Pinus australis Michx. f. 
Common names: Longstraw, yellow...
  Height: 75-120ft
  Diameter: 2-2.5 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: moderate
  Annual rainfall: 40-60
  Soil Needs: infertile,  pH 6.0-7.0
  Frost Free Days: 250
  Minimum Temperature (F): -3
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Longevity: 400-500 years
  State List: AL, AR, FL...           more  
A native conifer found in the southeastern United States.  Living between 400-500 years, Longleaf pine grows up to 120 feet tall and 2.5 feet in diameter.  A rapid grower, it is commin for this species to be 40 feet tall in only 20 years.  Like most pines, the first few years are spent in a grass stage where it develops a deep and extensive root
Pond Pine (Pinus serotina Michx)
  Synonym:Pinus rigida Mill. ssp.   
  serotina (Michx.) R.T. Clausen
  Height: 180-200 ft
  Diameter: 4-6 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: medium
  Annual rainfall: 20-80
  Soil Needs: infertile, shallow, rocky..
  Frost Free Days: 120
  Minimum Temperature (F): -38
  Growth Rate: rapid
  State List: AL, DE, FL, GA, MD...
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Found in swamps, marshes and moist sites, Pond Pine is an important wetland native species.  It grows to between 40 and 80 feet tall with an open, rounded, irregular crown.  Branches are thick and occasionally, there are needle clusters on the trunk.  The scaly, red-brown bark is of medium thickness and is fissured into irregular plates. 
Sand Pine (Pinus clausa Chapm ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
  Common names: Scrub pine, Spruce
  Height: 80 ft
  Diameter: 18-20 inches
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: low
  Annual rainfall: 40-65
  Soil Needs: moist, sandy, pH 4.2-5.5
  Frost Free Days: 265
  Minimum Temperature (F): 2
  Growth Rate: slow
  Longevity: less than years
  State List: AL, FL, GA, MS, NC          
Sand pine has 2 geographic specific variations, the difference being cone behavior.  In the Florida peninsula, sand pines are var. clausa, known commonly as Ocala Sand pine.  They have mostly serotinous cones, meaning they only open when heat activated.  The other variety, var. immuginata occurs in the Florida panhandle and southern Georgia, and is known as             ...more
Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata Mill.)
  Common names: Yellow pine, Old
  Height: 75-100ft
  Diameter: 2-4 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: no
  Annual rainfall: 20-80
  Frost Free Days: 90
  Minimum Temperature (F): -33
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Longevity: 200-450 years
  State List: AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IL,
  KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY,
  OK, OH, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV
An evergreen native conifer, Shortleaf pine has the widest distribution of any southeastern pine species.  It commonly attains 100 feet in height and 2 to 3 feet in diameter.  A straight single trunk supports a narrow, conical to pyramidal or flat topped crown.  It has a deep tap root and lateral roots about 24 inches beneath the surface and is wind firm.  Pinus echinata's   ...more
Slash Pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm.)
  2 variations: elliottii, and densa
  Height: 50-100 ft
  Diameter: 2-3 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: low
  Annual rainfall: 40-80 inches
  Soil Needs: moist, pH 4.0-6.4,
  Frost Free Days: 250
  Minimum Temperature (F): -18
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Shade: Intolerant
  State List: AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC,
  SC, TX                                   ...more                   
Florida Pine page 1, 2
Slash pine is a native evergreen conifer found across much of the southern United States. Pinus elliottii, the regular slash pine, is the most abundant and widely spread, whereas Florida Slash Pine, var. densa, is native only to central and southern Florida.  The two varieties can hybridize were their ranges overlap. There are several
distinguishing      ...more                                                                              
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The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at  In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place.  Also, the PLANTS Database website states "Our county data are based primarily on the literature,
herbarium specimens, and confirmed observations. However, not all populations have been documented, so some gaps in the distribution shown above may not be real. Remember that only native and naturalized populations are mapped!"

Pine trees are one of the most varied and widely spread genus of native tree species in North America.  From the cold mountains of Alaska to Nova Scotia in the east, from high wind-swept Rocky Mountain cliffs to the fertile Appalachian forests, on seaside borders, swamps, dry foothills, lowlands and everywhere in between, pine trees can be found.  Adapted to so many environments, pine trees are hardy survivors in their native habitat.  The pine trees of North America were used by Native Americans for treatments of respiratory ailments, in canoe building and even as food.  Today native pines are one of the most valuable commercial timber sources and continue to be used for construction, furniture, pulpwood, land management and more.
Search all North American native Pine species here.

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Pinus taeda has grayish brown bark
Loblolly Pine Pinus taeda canopy
3 Pinus palustris needles bundled together in a thick case
Bark of Longleaf pine is thick, fissured and has irregular, flaky plates
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Mature bark of Pinus clausa
New growth on Pinus clausa is lighter green
Yellowish brown Pinus clausa cones nestled in vivid green needles
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Pinus echinata cones are pyramidal to conical
Pinus echinata bark is rough and  flaky,  furrowed into vertical plates
Pinus echinata seeds have a single wing and are light brown
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Pinus elliottii var. densa has a 2 to 6 year grass stage
The rough scaly bark of Pinus elliottii var. densa
Pinus elliottii has unique growth buds as they have whitish scales
Plant Database Florida county distribution map Loblolly Pine
Longleaf Pine is distributed throughout Florida in all but the southern tip
Pinus serotina is native to most of the panhandle and northern penninsular counties of Florida
Pinus clausa is native to most of Florida with the exception of a few scattered counties in the south west region of the penninsula and the heart of the panhandle
Pinus echinata is native to the panhandle of Florida
Pinus elliotti var. elliottii is native to all of northern Florida while Pinus elliottii var. densa is only found in central and southern counties