Home>Families>Pinaceae>North American Native Pine Trees, Pinus
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Coulter Pine (Pinus coulteri)
  Common names: California Coulter                
  Pine, Big-Cone Pine, Nut Pine...
  Height: 40-80 feet
  Diameter: 1-3 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: low
  Annual rainfall: 35-60
  Soil Needs: deep, acidic, well-draining
  Frost Free Days: 220
  Minimum Temperature (F): 12
  Growth Rate: Slow
  State List: CA 
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Also known as the California Coulter Pine, Big-cone Pine, Nut Pine, and Pitch Pine, is native to California.  It is a slow growing species, reaching only 20 feet in 20 years.  In optimal sites, it can grow as tall as 80 feet with a trunk diameter of 1-3 feet.  Root depth is about 40 inches.  The bark is grey on young trees, becoming dark                                         
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus L.)
  Common names: Northern white pine,
  white pine, soft pine, northern pine...
  Height: 75-100ft
  Diameter: 2-4 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: no
  Annual rainfall: 20-80
  Soil Needs: moist, sandy, pH 4.0-6.5
  Frost Free Days: 90
  Minimum Temperature (F): -33
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Longevity: 200-450 years
  State List: AL, AR, CT...            
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus L.) holds the title of the tallest native conifer in the Northeast. Typically, it grows 75-100 ft tall and in extremely good sites, 150 ft is possible.  Trunk diameter is usually between 2-4 ft.  Eastern White Pine is a
long lived tree, reaching 200 years of age, possibly up to 450 years.  A rapid grower, at 20 years, heights of 40 ft can be expected and at 40 years,                   ...more
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Foxtail Pine (Pinus balfouriana Balf.)
  Common names: Southern Foxtail..  
  Height: 20-50 ft, champion 76 ft
  Diameter: 1-2 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant:
  Annual rainfall:
  Soil Needs: well-draining, infertile...
  Frost Free Days:
  Minimum Temperature (F):
  Growth Rate: slow
  State List: CA                       
The champion Foxtail Pine in the Trinity National Forest is 76 feet tall, but the typical height is between 20-50 feet and 1-2 feet in diameter.  It is a slow growing tree.  The reddish-brown bark is furrowed and vertically ridged.  Twigs are red-brown when young, turning yellowish-gray when mature.  It's needles are short, only 1-2
Jeffrey Pine (Pinus jeffreyi Grev. & Balf)
  Height: 180-200 ft
  Diameter: 4-6 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: medium
  Annual rainfall: 20-80
  Soil Needs: infertile, shallow, rocky..
  Frost Free Days: 120
  Minimum Temperature (F): -38
  Growth Rate: rapid
  State List: CA, NV, OR
Discovered in 1852 by Scottish botanist John Jeffrey, the Jeffrey Pine is a towering tree 180-200 feet in height.  No less impressive, its diameter is usually between 4-6 feet.  The largest known specimen has a trunk diameter of 7.5 feet.  The oldest known Jeffrey Pine is 631 years old and average life expectancy is between 400-500 years.  Pinus jeffreyi is a fast growing tree,          ...more                                                                              
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Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda L.)

  Height: 90-100 ft occasionally 110 ft
  Diameter: 2-3 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: low
  Annual rainfall: 35-65
  Soil Needs: moist, pH 4.0-7.0
  Frost Free Days: 150
  Minimum Temperature (F): -8
  Growth Rate: rapid
  State List:  AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IL,
  KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OK,
  SC, TN, TX, VA                      ...more                                           
Hailed as the leading commercial timber tree in the southeast United States, the native Loblolly pine grows rapidly with a straight trunk clear of branches.  It reaches 50 feet in just 20 years, and when mature can top 100 feet with a trunk diameter between 2-3 feet.  The bark on young trees is usually dark, blackish-brown and scaly. Mature Loblolly pines are                       ...more                                                    
Distibution maps courtesy USDA PLANTS Database
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Pine trees are one of the most varied and widely spread
genus of native tree species in North America.  From the
cold mountains of Alaska to Nova Scotia in the east, from high
wind-swept Rocky Mountain cliffs to the fertile Appalachian
forests, on seaside borders, swamps, dry foothills, lowlands
and everywhere in between, pine trees can be found.  Adapted
to so many environments, pine trees are hardy survivors in
their native habitat.  The pine trees of North America were
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used by Native Americans for treatments of respiratory ailments, in canoe building and even as food.  Today native pines are one of the most valuable commercial timber sources and continue to be used for construction, furniture, pulpwood, land management and more.
Pine (Pinus) Genus
For an A-Z list (by scientific name) of native pine trees click here.
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Tree lists:
A-Z by scientific
A-Z by common
By Family
For state A-Z list click   state name below.
Branches of Coulter Pine
Upright Coulter Pine cone
Pinus balfouriana is found in 2 distinct populations on either side of the Klamath Mountains in California
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Foxtail pine, Pinus balfouriana
Foxtail pine cones are long and slender
Foxtail Pine, Pinus balfouriana cones and foliage
Pinus taeda has grayish brown bark
Loblolly Pine Pinus taeda canopy
Photo Gallery
Coulter Pine distribution map USA, California only
Native only to the western United States, California, Nevada and Oregon
Loblolly pine is native to Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinios, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersery, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Vriginia
Native to Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachussetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin
North American Pine Family
Pine Family A to Z
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