Pine Pages 1, 2, 3, 4
Table-Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens)
  Common names: Hickory Pine, Prickly
  Height: 50-60 ft
  Diameter: 2-3 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: high
  Annual rainfall: 36-60
  Soil Needs: well draining, pH 4.5-7.0
  Frost Free Days: 165
  Minimum Tempurature (F): -18
  Growth Rate: slow
  Longevity: 250
  State List: GA, IL, MD, NC, NJ, PA,
  SC, TN, VA, WV                  ... more
A slow growing native conifer, Table-Mountain pine is a small tree, usually with a crooked trunk, only reaching 25 feet in height in the first 20 years of development.  The oldest known tree is 227 years and can be found in southwest North Carolina.  Pinus pungens grows up to 60 feet, most are around 50 feet tall.  The single trunk, reaching a diameter between 2              ...more
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Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana Douglas.)
  Height: 175-200 ft occasionally 240
  Diameter: 3-5 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: medium
  Annual rainfall: 25-90
  Soil Needs: moist, acidic, well-draining
  Frost Free Days: 150
  Minimum Temperature (F): -28
  Growth Rate: rapid
  State List: CA, NV, OR,
The Sugar Pine is a large pine, surpassed only by the Ponderosa Pine, native to the western United States.  Typically, it reaches heights between 175-200 feet but can grow as tall as 240. Equally impressive for a pine, the trunk diameter is between 3-5 feet.  It is a rapidly growing tree, attaining 40 feet in just 20 years.  The growing season encompasses spring, summer and fall    ...more                                                                              
Pinus lambertiana is native to California, Nevada and Oregon
Virginia Pine (Pinus virginiana Mill)
  Height: 40-75 ft
  Diameter:1-1.5 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: highly
  Annual rainfall: 32-65
  Soil Needs: well draining, pH 4.5-7.5
  Frost Free Days: 90
  Minimum Tempurature (F): -33
  Growth Rate: rapid
  Longevity: 200-450 years
  State List:AL, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY,
  MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA,
  SC, VA, WV
A native conifer, the Virginia Pine is a short to moderately lived tree, rarely reaching 150 years in age, and usually begins to decline between 65 and 90 years old.  Sometimes ragged or shrubby on poorer sites, Virginia pines only grow to a height of 25 feet in 20 years and reach a mature height between 40 and 70 feet.  Most trees do not exceed 1.5 feet in diameter.               ...more
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Washoe Pine (Pinus washoensis Mason & Stockw .)
  Common names: Yellow Pine
  Height: 115-130 ft
  Diameter: 5 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: medium
  Annual rainfall: 25-90
  Soil Needs: moist, acidic, well-draining
  Frost Free Days: 150
  Minimum Tempurature (F): -28
  Growth Rate:
  State List: CA, NV, OR,
The Washoe pine tree is a rare native conifer found only in California, Oregon and Nevada. It looks similar to Jeffrey and Ponderosa pine, so much so it is sometimes actually classified as a Ponderosa pine subspecies (see synonyms above).  Pinus washoensis is a large tree, reaching 5 feet in diameter and 130 feet in height.  It is also a long             ...more                                                                            
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Pinus albicaulis is a native conifer found in the western United States and Canada and is the only stone pine native to North America.  Extremely long lived and slow growing, Whitebark pine takes 200 years to reach maturity and may live to 500 years.  In 20 years, this tree species averages 15 feet tall, eventually growing to 70 feet, usually less, with a trunk diameter of 1 to 2 feet.         ...more                                                                           
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Distibution maps courtesy USDA PLANTS Database
Pinus pungen seeds are small and brown with a single, 1 inch long, papery wing
Pinus pungen is native to the Atlantic coast region of the United States as well as Tennessee and Illinois
Pinus virginiana is native to the eastern United States and introduced in western Canada
Pinus virginiana seeds are brown and have a single papery wing
Pinus albicaulis is native to the Rocky Mountains in California, Idaho, Montana, Nevadam Oregon, Washington and Wyoming in the United States and Alberta and Briish Columbia in Canada
male catkins of Pinus albicaulis are at the terminal ends of branches
Pinus albicaulis seeds are hard, round and without a wing
Young Pinus albicaulis have silvery bark
White Bark Pine (Pinus albicaulis Engelm.)
  Height: 50-70 ft
  Diameter: 1-2 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: highly
  Annual rainfall: 18-72
  Soil Needs: moist, rocky, well-draining
  Frost Free Days: 90
  Minimum Temperature (F): -58
  Growth Rate: very slow
  State List: CA, ID, MT, NV, OR, WA,
  WY  Canada: AB, BC            ...more
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Pine (Pinus) Genus
For an A-Z list (by scientific name) of native pine trees click here.
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Pinus lambertiana has dark green foliage
Pinus lambertiana mature
Home>Families>Pinaceae>North American Native Pine Trees, Pinus
Pine trees are one of the most varied and widely spread
genus of native tree species in North America.  From the
cold mountains of Alaska to Nova Scotia in the east, from high
wind-swept Rocky Mountain cliffs to the fertile Appalachian
forests, on seaside borders, swamps, dry foothills, lowlands
and everywhere in between, pine trees can be found.  Adapted
to so many environments, pine trees are hardy survivors in
their native habitat.  The pine trees of North America were
used by Native Americans for treatments of respiratory ailments, in canoe building and even as food.  Today native pines are one of the most valuable commercial timber sources and continue to be used for construction, furniture, pulpwood, land management and more.
North American Pine Family
Pine Family A to Z
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