Fir Trees of Montana
Grand Fir (Abies grandis)
  Common names: Balsam Fir,
  Height: 125-150 feet
  Diameter: 2-4 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: moderate
  Annual rainfall: 11-100
  Soil Needs: moist, med-coarse texture
  Frost Free Days: 60
  Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  Minimum Temperature (F): -33
  Growth Rate: moderate
  Longevity: 200-450 years
  State List:  CA, ID, MT, OR, WA                                                                      
Grand Fir, Abies grandis, is
a native conifer found in
western North America.  It
is a long lived handsome
tree, normally reaching
heights of 125 to 150 feet
and 2 to 4 feet in diameter,
with larger individuals
tending to grow in the
coastal reaches of its
range. Montana is home to
North America's current
Champion tree, as listed in
The American Forests
Organization's        ...more                                              
Photo Gallery
brown seeds of Grand Fir
Abies grandis is native to the northwestern corner of Montana
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Also included in the Pine family, Pinaceae, are the genera Larix (Larch), Picea (Spruce), Pinus (Pine), and Tsuga (Hemlock).
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The Big Sky State, 'Gold and Silver'
The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at  In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place.  Also, the PLANTS Database website states "Our county data are based primarily on the literature, herbarium specimens, and confirmed observations.  However, not all populations have been documented, so some gaps in the distribution shown above may not be real. Remember that only native and naturalized populations are mapped!"
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