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Fir Trees of California
To visit other tree families in California, select it here:
Colorado Fir (Abies concolor (Gord & Glend) Lindl.)
  Common names: White Fir, Silver Fir 
  Height: 125-200 ft
  Diameter: 2-4 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: Medium
  Annual rainfall: 18-80 inches
  Soil Needs: dry to moist
  Frost Free Days: 80
  Growth Rate: slow
  Longevity: 300 years or more
  State List: AZ, CA, CO, ID, MA, ME,
  NM, NV, OR, UT, WY                  
A shallow root system
supports a single trunk
encased in whorls of
branches.  The needles of
Abies concolor are are
deep bluish-green but are
the lightest of all nine
native firs, with new growth
lighter still.  Flat and blunt
to pointed at the tips, the
needles are 2-3 inches
long, in ranks of 2, extend
at a right angle out from
the twig and have silvery
bands called          ...more
Photo Gallery
This fir tree has the lightest of all the fir species native to North America earning it the nicknames white fir or silver fir.
The dense foliage and pyramidal shape make Abies concolor a Christmas favorite.
Abies concolor is native to all but the central coastal area and the extreme southeastern corner of California
Grand Fir (Abies grandis)
  Common names: Balsam Fir,
  Height: 125-150 feet
  Diameter: 2-4 ft
  Showy flower: no
  Fall colors: no-evergreen
  Drought tolerant: moderate
  Annual rainfall: 11-100
  Soil Needs: moist, med-coarse texture
  Frost Free Days: 60
  Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  Minimum Temperature (F): -33
  Growth Rate: moderate
  Longevity: 200-450 years
  State List:  CA, ID, MT, OR, WA                                                                      
Grand Fir, Abies grandis, is
a native conifer found in
western North America.  It
is a long lived handsome
tree, normally reaching
heights of 125 to 150 feet
and 2 to 4 feet in diameter,
with larger individuals
tending to grow in the
coastal reaches of its
range. Montana is home to
North America's current
Champion tree, as listed in
The American Forests
Organization's        ...more                                              
Photo Gallery
brown seeds of Grand Fir
Abies grandis is only found along the northwest coastal corner in California
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The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at plants.usda.gov.  In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place.  Also, the PLANTS Database website states "Our county data are based primarily on the literature, herbarium specimens,
and confirmed observations.  However, not all populations have been documented, so some gaps in the distribution shown above may not be real. Remember that only native and naturalized populations are mapped!"

Also included in the Pine family, Pinaceae, are the genera Larix (Larch), Picea (Spruce), Pinus (Pine), and Tsuga (Hemlock).
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Search all North American native Fir
species here

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Native Fir Family Trees, Abies/Pseudotsuga
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